NEWARK, NJ — On July 1, the New Jersey State Board of Education voted to return full local control to the Newark School District, nearly 25 years to the day after the state assumed control of district operations.
“This is a historic day for Newark, and a day for celebration,” Gov. Phil Murphy said. “For a quarter century, the local board of education in Newark has not had the full power to make decisions for their community. Today, full local control of the public schools has been restored to the people of Newark so that the local school board can address the unique needs of the school community.”
“We know that schools operate most effectively when they have the support and buy-in of stakeholders in the community,” Education Commissioner Lamont Repollet said. “This milestone came about through the sheer determination and dedication of so many people at the local level, including parents, educators, school administrators and civic leaders.”
On July 5, 1995, the State Board of Education removed the authority of the Newark Board of Education and took control of the school district, which had struggled for years with academic and management issues. A 2005 law created the New Jersey Quality Single Accountability System, a system to monitor all school districts in five key areas: instruction and program; governance; fiscal; operations; and personnel. The NJQSAC monitoring system is used by the Department of Education to determine whether to return state-operated districts to the control of the local board of education.
Three years ago, the state board determined that Newark Public Schools had made sustained progress in all five functional areas, and in 2018 the department collaborated with the district to implement a two-year transition plan to local control. The department enlisted an independent entity, the Bloustein Local Government Research Center at Rutgers University, to establish a Comprehensive Accountability Office to assess the school district’s quantitative progress toward meeting benchmarks in the transition plan, as measured by metrics on an accountability scorecard. In addition, a highly skilled professional, Anzella Nelms, was hired by the department to assist the district in implementing the transition plan and to provide qualitative observations regarding the district’s progress.
On July 1, the state board received the final reports of the CAO and the highly skilled professional, which both affirmed the district’s substantial and sustainable progress. After Repollet recommended the district be returned fully to local control, the board adopted a resolution approving the withdrawal of Newark Public Schools from state intervention.
“Today’s vote marks a new and exciting chapter for the Newark Public Schools,” said Kathy Goldenberg, president of the State Board of Education. “I am confident that the students, parents, teachers, staff, administrators, superintendent and board members of the Newark Public Schools will continue to demonstrate the success that stems from community-driven and student-focused efforts.”
“This is truly a historic day in Newark and we are grateful to all who have contributed to this momentous occasion,” Newark Superintendent of Schools Roger Leon said. “We have learned from the past, are preparing for a promising future, and are committed to working tirelessly to provide a first-class education for all of the children of the city of Newark.”