Thousands of rare Edison disc phonograph recordings released online

Photo Courtesy of National Park Service
‘The Jelly Roll Blues,’ performed by the Original Memphis Five, was recorded on an Edison disc in New York City on Sept. 22, 1923.

WEST ORANGE, NJ — Thomas Edison National Historical Park in West Orange has announced the release of 2,400 historic Edison disc sound recordings, digitized and made available online in cooperation with the University of California, Santa Barbara Library Special Research Collections on its Discography of American Historical Recordings website at The recordings from TENHP include many rarities, including unissued test pressings.

The disc records originate from phonograph inventor Thomas Edison’s own collection preserved at TEHNP and contain music recorded by Thomas A. Edison Inc. in New York City and European cities from 1910 through 1929. 

“Edison discs document a fascinating era of performance and technology that is of interest to music historians and audiophiles still today,” TENHP museum curator Jerry Fabris said.

“Sharing these historically important recordings with the public perfectly fits the mission of both the University of California and the National Park Service,” UCSB Performing Arts Collection curator David Seubert, who heads the DAHR, said. “UCSB was pleased to be able to join in this important partnership to preserve our history.”

The cooperative effort to make Edison disc recordings available to the public at no cost began in 2012 when TENHP shared its catalog database of Edison disc textual information with UCSB Library. TEHNP also shared copies of historic hand-written recording ledgers and studio cashbooks. Using funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, data from TENHP formed the basis from which researchers at UCSB Library developed the DAHR’s complete online discography of Edison disc recordings. The DAHR documents more than 14,000 Edison recording sessions that resulted in more than 8,000 published two-sided discs. With the digitized audio recordings from TENHP, the DAHR now has a total of more than 7,400 Edison disc recordings available for listening.